Microplastics Are a Major Source of Plastic Pollution
Nearly all plastics are made from fossil fuels. These plastics are not biodegradable, meaning they do not decompose. When plastic objects end up as litter, they break down into tiny pieces when exposed to sunlight and other elements. These tiny particles are called “microplastics,” and they’ve been found in animals, soils, water, and in humans all around the world. According to a study by the University of Newcastle, in Australia, people around the world ingest an average of around 2,000 microplastic particles a week, equivalent to the weight of a credit card.
Microplastics Contaminate Compost
Microfragments of plastic are turning up in our soil, and contaminated compost is one big culprit. Why? Some composting programs in the US and Canada allow residents to include plastic-coated paper products in their compost collection bins—items like milk cartons, coated paper plates, coffee cups, and take-out boxes.
Once composted, these products shed macro- and microfragments of plastic that do not biodegrade and may be ingested by living organisms. Microplastics are known to accumulate persistent organic pollutants that can be transferred to the bodies of living things. We can expect these fragments to persist indefinitely and to be so widely dispersed that it will be impossible to clean them up.
Compost collection programs and compost facilities must exclude plastic-coated paper products from their guidelines to prevent future harm!
Read more about the research from Woods End Laboratories and Eco-Cycle that shows the plastic coatings on these products break apart when composted but do not disappear and are not biodegraded by microorganisms. Read the full report or the executive summary.
Three ways you can help keep our soils healthy and microplastic-free!
#1: Keep your compost clean!
You can help keep plastic pollution out of our soils by not putting plastic-coated products in your compost bin. Follow these easy steps:
- Recycle your milk and juice cartons. Carton recycling is available in most communities. Find out if your recycling program accepts cartons.
- Avoid plastic-coated paper products. Many of these disposable products can be easily avoided by bringing your own mug or take-out box. Learn more about how to Reduce Your Plastic Use.
- Throw away plastic-coated paper plates, cups, and take-out boxes. Believe us, we HATE telling people to throw away anything, but we know it’s better to be safe than sorry when it comes to the future of our soil and our food production system. If you’re not sure if your product is actually compostable, it’s better off in the trash.
- Buy only compostable products when you need something disposable. Learn more in our guide to buying compostable products.
#2: Look for the label!
Truly compostable products do not contain petroleum-based plastics, and they break down naturally into healthy soil. There’s a lot of greenwashing out there, so we’ve put together a simple buying guide to help you make the right choice for our planet and our health.
#3: Tell everyone you know!
We have a Resource Library full of reports, presentations, and more to help you educate your friends, elected officials, fellow businesses, compost facilities, and everyone you know about the risks of plastics in our soil.
Please share these resources far and wide, but please give credit back to Eco-Cycle and Woods End Laboratories. And we’d love to hear from you on what else you could use to spread the word. Let us know.